SPIRONOLACTONE (speer on oh LAK tone) is a diuretic. It helps you make more urine and to lose salt and excess water from your body. It treats swelling from heart, kidney, or liver disease. It treats high blood pressure. It also treats high aldosterone levels in the blood.
Aldactone may be used for other purposes; ask your health care provider or pharmacist if you have questions
Take this medicine by mouth. Take it as directed on the prescription label at the same time every day. You can take it with or without food. You should always take it the same way. Keep taking it unless your health care provider tells you to stop.
Talk to your health care provider about the use of this drug in children. Special care may be needed.
Overdosage: If you think you have taken too much of Aldactone contact a poison control center or emergency room at once. NOTE: Aldactone is only for you. Do not share Aldactone with others.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
Side effects that you should report to your health care provider as soon as possible:
-allergic reactions (skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue)
-breast enlargement in both males and females
-changes in menstrual cycle
-gout (severe pain, redness, or swelling in joints like the big toe)
-high blood sugar (increased hunger, thirst or urination; unusually weak or tired, blurry vision)
-high potassium levels (chest pain; fast irregular heartbeat; muscle weakness)
-kidney injury (trouble passing urine or change in the amount of urine)
-low blood pressure (dizziness; feeling faint or lightheaded, falls; unusually weak or tired)
-low calcium levels (fast heartbeat; muscle cramps or pain; pain, tingling, or numbness in the hands or feet; seizures)
-low magnesium levels (fast, irregular heartbeat; feeling faint or lightheaded, falls; muscle cramps or pain)
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your health care provider if they continue or are bothersome):
-changes in sex drive or performance
This list may not describe all possible side effects for Aldactone. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.Source: FDA
Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
This medicine may also interact with the following medications:
-certain medicines for blood pressure or heart disease like benazepril, lisinopril, losartan, valsartan
-certain medicines that treat or prevent blood clots like heparin and enoxaparin
-medicines that relax muscles for surgery
-NSAIDs, medicines for pain and inflammation, like ibuprofen or naproxen
-potassium salts or supplements
-steroid medicines like prednisone or cortisone
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
-Addison''s disease or low adrenal gland function
-high blood level of potassium
-an unusual or allergic reaction to spironolactone, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
-pregnant or trying to get pregnant
Visit your doctor or health care provider for regular checks on your progress. Check your blood pressure as directed. Ask your health care provider what your blood pressure should be. Also, find out when you should contact him or her.
Do not treat yourself for coughs, colds, or pain while you are using this medicine without asking your health care provider for advice. Some medicines may increase your blood pressure.
Check with your health care provider if you have severe diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting, or if you sweat a lot. The loss of too much body fluid may make it dangerous for you to take this medicine.
You may need to be on a special diet while taking this medicine. Ask your health care provider. Also, find out how many glasses of fluid you need to drink each day.
You may get drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. Do not stand or sit up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. This reduces the risk of dizzy or fainting spells. Alcohol may interfere with the effects of this medicine. Avoid alcoholic drinks.
Avoid salt substitutes unless you are told otherwise by your health care provider.
Keep out of the reach of children and pets.
Store below 25 degrees C (77 degrees F). Get rid of any unused medicine after the expiration date.
To get rid of medicines that are no longer needed or have expired:
-Take the medicine to a medicine take-back program. Check with your pharmacy or law enforcement to find a location.
-If you cannot return the medicine, check the label or package insert to see if the medicine should be thrown out in the garbage or flushed down the toilet. If you are not sure, ask your health care provider. If it is safe to put into the trash, take the medicine out of the container. Mix the medicine with cat litter, dirt, coffee grounds, or other unwanted substance. Seal the mixture in a bag or container. Put it in the trash.